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The Shawnee lived in the interior regions of present-day Pennsylvania. As William Penn was a Quaker, he encouraged certain religious groups to settle here which is why there is still such as strong Amish community in Lancaster County. The Shawnee lived in the interior regions of present-day Pennsylvania. Accessed 6/17/19. Culture Newspapers and magazines flourishes, as does law and medicine. When the young American colonies began to tire of British taxation they formed the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. Two years later the first American Constitution was drafted in this city as well. Accessed 6/17/19. Pennsylvania Colony was not the first colony to offer religious freedom (Rhode Island Colony was the first) but it certainly played a role in their growth.William Penn allowed for religious freedom, fair treatment of Indians, low taxes, and no debt. In 1768, American Indians signed the Fort Stanwix Treaty, under which the native peoples sold their interest in lands south of the Ohio and Susquehanna Rivers. “Pennsylvania” actually means “Penn’s Woods,” referring to the holder of the founding colonial charter, William Penn. From the very beginning Pennsylvania asserted itself as an independent territory. Many English and Welsh Quakers responded to Penn's offers of sanctuary and land in the New World. The first settlers soon discovered that the land along the river was particularly fertile, and a favorable site was found for the principal town and port of Philadelphia, which means "brotherly love" in Greek. An academy that held its first classes in 1740 became the College of Philadelphia in 1755, and ultimately grew into the University of Pennsylvania.   P   ennsylvania is the best colony and I can The English were outnumbered so there was no way they could be the only ones ruling the colony so they set up a democratic form of government so everyone could have a say. The Englishmen crossed the land twice as fast as the Delaware had anticipated, resulting in the tribe losing about 1,200 square miles of their land. The Province of Pennsylvania was an English colony in North America that existed from 1682 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Dutch population arrived in droves between the late 1600s and the early 1800s to escape religious persecution in Europe. The Society of Pennsylvania was based of Greece’s Society and was called Athens of America, because of its rich culture. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. The Pennsylvania Colony was on good terms with the Native Americans. The Best Travel, Food and Culture Guides for Pennsylvania, USA - Local News & Top Things to Do Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, established a colony based on religious tolerance; it was settled by many Quakers along with its chief city Philadelphia, which was also the first planned city. The Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe, lived along the Susquehanna River. Penn circulated a pamphlet in England, Wales, Holland, and Germany—countries where the Society of Friends was well established. Much of the land was suited for farming. A large number of Scots-Irish arrived, beginning around 1717. In 1681, William Penn was given a large area of land by King Charles II of England. The Battle of Gettysburg basically turned the tide against the Confederate South, and today its national battlefield park is one of the most important in the world. William Penn died in England in 1718. Because the American Indians generally aided the early settlers, Penn's colony suffered fewer periods of hardship that were common in other colonies. There lumbering industry was somewhat big as well due to a large forest running through the state. Head out into the countryside, which makes up the vast majority of the state, and you’ll discover Pennsylvania Dutch Country and plenty of pockets of German immigrants. Pennsylvania Colony has many different land features. The Pennsylvania Colony's landscape included mountains, coastal plains, and plateaus … It has a border with Ohio on the west, West Virginia on the south and west, Maryland and Delaware on the south, New Jersey on the east, and New York and Lake Erie on the north.. Among them was Thomas Holme, who was to survey the site for Penn's new town, Philadelphia, on the banks of the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. Three of the fastest walkers in the colony were hired. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. © 2020 Small Planet Communications, Inc. + Terms/Conditions + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + planet@smplanet.com, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/214180/Treaties-of-Fort-Stanwix, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/pa-history/1681-1776.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/chambers-map.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/governors/, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/walking-purchase.html, http://www.statemuseumpa.org/Potamkin/brother/part3.htm, http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnplan.html, http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/. "The William Penn Treaty." The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. Pennsylvania accepted all colonists who believed in one God. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. The Pennsylvania Colony was one of four Middle Colonies which also included the New York Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the New Jersey Colony. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. The French and Indian War began in Pennsylvania in 1754. Architectural Elements: Pennsylvania is a colony that incorporates Middle Architecture. Charles II agreed, and Penn obtained a grant of territory known as the province of Pennsylvania, a name chosen to honor his father. He received the land grant as payment for a personal debt owed by the king to his father. The colony saw an inflow of people from several parts of the world, which brought diversity in the economy too. They also had textile industries, sawmills, and gristmills. Although the original colonies were given a general set of governmental guidelines from the British government, Pennsylvania set its own standards. This had a huge impact on the cultural demography of Pennsylvania, which remains today in Lancaster County, also known as Dutch Country. The Best Travel, Food and Culture Guides for Pennsylvania, USA - Local News & Top Things to Do Government Structure in Colonial Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania also accounts for nearly 10 percent of America’s forested area, so there is plenty of room for outdoor recreation tourism to balance the incredible history on display. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. The King came up with the name "Pennsylvania," meaning "Forests of Penn," to honor the Admiral. Penn would be the administrator, and at the start of every year, he was to pay the King two beaver pelts and a fifth of any gold and silver mined within the colony. Most American Indians eventually migrated west, leaving only a few remaining in Pennsylvania. ExplorePAhistory.com. In May 1775 the Declaration of Independence was drafted and signed in Independence Hall in Philadelphia. People from other colonies also settled land that would soon become part of Pennsylvania. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The society and culture in Pennsylvania was very diverse. Accessed 6/17/19. He soon became involved in the politics of the colony and is remembered as an important figure in the history of Pennsylvania and in the early development of the United States. Much of the land suited farming. Accessed 6/17/19. In the next century Pennsylvania was the site of one of the most pivotal battles in the US Civil War. Today visitors can admire 40 preserved buildings from this colonial era right in downtown Philly in the Independence National Historical Monument. There lumbering industry was somewhat big as well due to a large forest running through the state. The French built a chain of forts from Lake Erie to the Forks of the Ohio River and pressured the American Indians to break relations with the British. Accessed 6/17/19. Settlers soon poured into the region from Europe, drawn to it by Penn's attractive terms for land purchases and rentals, as well as the promise of religious toleration and participation in lawmaking. Discover more about Pennsylvania state history. Architecture The Georgian style, identified by its symmetrical look and classical details, was the most prevalent style … The changes have been gradual and evolutionary, but three distinct periods are recognizable. It printed its own currency following the British Currency Act of 1764 and was home to many prominent early Americans like Benjamin Franklin. Society, Schools, and Culture Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan, and tolerant than in New England. Encyclopædia Britannica. The pioneer era, during which the land was cleared, lasted from 1682 to the 1830s. Cornelius Hendricksen, a Dutch captain, sailed up the Delaware River to where it met the Schuylkill River. The Pennsylvania Colony included immigrants from England, German, Scotch-Irish, and African Americans. Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel. French explorer Étienne Brûlé is believed to have explored the Susquehanna River from the north. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. There was an unsworn treaty in place that was never broken. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. Interesting Facts ; One of the original 13 colonies, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a haven for his fellow Quakers. "William Penn Plans the City." "Chambers' Map from the Delaware to the Susuquehanna, 1685." Up until the late 1700s, communication between colonial Pennsylvania and other areas was difficult. "Stories from PA History." It was partially based on farming. In the 1750s, British traders and settlers moved into western Pennsylvania, eager for land and furs. The victory wa… Pennsylvania can claim America's first hospital, first library, and first insurance company. The land he received was rich with natural resources including two river valleys, extensive forests and a large portion of the Appalachian Mountains. At this point in time, Penn referred to himself as governor of the new colony, which he called the "Holy Experiment," and soon hoped to take up his duties in person. In return for a debt King Charles II owed to his father, Penn asked the king for a portion of the New York colony. Delaware and parts of Pennsylvania were organized as the New Sweden Colony. If you want to know the complete story of the Pennsylvania colony, read this MomJunction article. Before European settlement, Pennsylvania was the home of about 15,000 American Indians. Pennsylvania began life as a huge Quaker colony that encouraged religious tolerance. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. Accessed 6/17/19. Pennsylvania was the second American state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787. Farmland is continuously nourishing the … Some were the most important citizens of the Pennsylvania Colony such as Benjamin Franklin who helped establish the … They sailed to join the British, Dutch, Swedes, and Finns who had already settled there. Pennsylvania Colony Culture The grand church in the middle of Pennsylvania and was free for any religion and they had free baptism for all. Governor Hamilton acted against the Quaker doctrines by organizing a company of militia in Philadelphia and proposing others elsewhere. DID YOU KNOW?Pennsylvania is the only one of the 13 original colonies that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. The Pennsylvania colony was a very unique colony. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. The State Museum of Pennsylvania. The founder of Pennsylvania was William Penn, a prominent British Quaker. The land grant was made in exchange for paying of … Even though Quakers held most of the influence in Pennsylvania, there was religious freedom which brought Quakers, Christians, Protestants, and Jews, and people from Wales, Germany, Holland, and France.This lead to a very mixed culture. By 1685, its population was almost 9,000. Within a year, crops were being harvested, and the surplus was shipped for export. Pennsylvania Life and Culture. The history of Pennsylvania (also known as Penn state) begins in 1681 when William Penn received a royal deed from King Charles II of England, although human activity in the region precedes that date, like in 1643, when the area was first colonized by the Dutch.The area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee, Arandiqiouia, and other American Indian tribes. Our Colony's Culture Foundational Knowledge Chart Marketing Plan WELCOME TO THE PENNSYLVANIA PROVINCE CORPORATION DESCRIPTION: Pennsylvania was made mostly for religious freedom, and it was successful in that. There is a lot of history here, but also a rich ethnic diversity because of the state’s tolerance of religion and ethnicity. They settled the fertile farmland between Philadelphia and the Blue Mountains, an area that is now known as Pennsylvania Dutch country. 53m ago Abigail Van Buren. Click to view a historic map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, circa 1698. The Pennsylvania colony was officially established by a newly converted aristocratic Quaker, William Penn. However, the British defeated the Dutch in 1664 and took control over the area. In 1737, colonial authorities claimed to have found a lost treaty from 1686 ceding a tract of Delaware tribal land between the fork of the Delaware and Lehigh rivers that extended as far as a man could walk in one and a half days. Penn got a charter for a colony in America, in exchange for canceling the debt. The pamphlet described the proposed settlement in the New World. Within 30 years, they had settled the valleys in the western part of the region. Pennsylvania was one of the most democratic colonies that there were and that is responsible because of their diverse nationalities. Pennsylvania came into being in 1681 after the British monarch gave a land grant to William Penn. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. Much of the land was suited for farming. Pennsylvania Life and Culture. On April 25, 1682, Penn issued a more complete frame of government and charter of liberties. "Pennsylvania Governors." Even though Quakers held most of the influence in Pennsylvania, there was religious freedom which brought Quakers, Christians, Protestants, and Jews, and people from Wales, Germany, Holland, and France.This lead to a very mixed culture. The Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe, lived along the Susquehanna River. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. The English, Dutch, and Swedes all made claims to the land with the Swedes becoming the first to make permanent settlement in 1638. Culture Newspapers and magazines flourishes, as does law and medicine. The Pennsylvania Dutch population arrived in droves between the late 1600s and the early 1800s to escape religious persecution in Europe. "The Walking Purchase." William Penn died in England in 1718. Small Planet Communications, Inc. + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + Contact. Since the European settlement of Pennsylvania began in the mid 1600s in the southeast corner of the state, the earliest buildings are found in this region. Its big cities are packed with Italian, Irish, and even Chinese immigrant communities. It has a border with Ohio on the west, West Virginia on the south and west, Maryland and Delaware on the south, New Jersey on the east, and New York and Lake Erie on the north.. The culture of Philadelphia goes back to 1682 when Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn. By 1685, its population was almost 9,000. Rivers cut across the land, providing fertile land for the settlers. Before the English took control of the colony in 1667. "Treaties of Fort Stanwix." The colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. Like so many other persecuted groups, they were drawn in by William Penn’s promise of religious freedom in his new land of Pennsylvania. In 1681 England’s King Charles II repaid a debt by granting William Penn a massive piece of land that became known as Pennsylvania. These 13 colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The land grant was made in exchange for paying of … Penn considered his attempt a "Holy Experiment." In the countryside there are strong Dutch and German communities. The colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. William Penn, a Quaker, established the Province of Pennsylvania as a haven for persecuted members of the Society of Friends. Much of what is now Pennsylvania was part of the original land grant for the Virginia colony given to the London Company in 1606. However, in 1655 the Dutch took over the New Sweden settlement. The people of the Delaware counties were hostile to the union with Pennsylvania. The colony had its own newspaper but this included only local news, as it was basically impossible to know what was going on in the other colonies at any given time. Some were the most important citizens of the Pennsylvania Colony such as Benjamin Franklin who helped establish the … Pennsylvania Colony was not the first colony to offer religious freedom (Rhode Island Colony was the first) but it certainly played a role in their growth.William Penn allowed for religious freedom, … Get Started. Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. Discover an overview of Pennsylvania's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture. He received the land grant as payment for a personal debt owed by the king to his father. The Quakers never helped the New Englanders during the Indian Wars. Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania - Agriculture: Pennsylvania agriculture has been in a continuous state of change since the founding of the colony. The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Art:The Birth of Pennsylvania depicts William Penn receiving Pennsylvania’s royal charter from King Charles II.Lenape depicts William Penn’s 1682 treaty with the Lenape tribe. The colony had a democracy based of the city of Athens government and had excellent arts and sciences. The Pennsylvania Colony was a royal colony. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Click to read more Pennsylvania fun facts. Together, these 4 colonies form the Middle Colonies. Pennsylvania is one of the 50 states in the United States of America.It is in the northeastern part of the country. As a result, many Quakers, Mennonites, and others came to find refuge within the city. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. He called the colony the "Holy Experiment." Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who was a Quaker, and its culture was informed by Quaker beliefs in the equality of all people. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. The land he received was rich with natural resources including two river valleys, extensive forests and a large portion of the Appalachian Mountains. Accessed 6/17/19. The Pennsylvania Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Pennsylvania Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Pennsylvania Colony. Many of them were members of persecuted religious groups such as the Mennonites and the Amish. This ideology evolved into the birthplace of America, where the Founding Fathers gathered in Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence and the first US Constitution. Pennsylvania was one of the thirteen original U.S. founding states. Founding of the Pennsylvania Colony By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who was a Quaker, and its culture was informed by Quaker beliefs in the equality of all people. The Colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. The story of the Pennsylvania Amish community dates back to the 16th century Reformation in Europe, when the Anabaptist movement spurred the creation of three "plain" communities: the Amish, Mennonites and Brethren. Ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787 to dispatch his cousin, William.... 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